Oropharyngeal Dysphagia (Total 14977 Papers Found)

Dysphagia is one of the most important complications encountered in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Our aim was to determine whether oropharyngeal dysphagia impacted the quality of life (QoL) of patients with ALS. Thirty consecutive patients were recruited (31-82 years, 18 men). Swallowing function was evaluated using a standardised videofluoroscopic barium swallow. All the patients completed a specific questionnaire on quality of life in dysphagia (SWAL-QoL) immediately after the videoflu ...
Seven institutions participated in this small clinical trial that included 19 patients who exhibited oropharyngeal dysphagia on videofluorography (VFG) involving the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and who had a 3-month history of aspiration. All patients were randomized to either traditional swallowing therapy or the Shaker exercise for 6 weeks. Each patient received a modified barium swallow pre- and post-therapy, including two swallows each of 3 ml and 5 ml liquid barium and 3 ml barium ...
OBJECTIVES There is a lack of studies regarding swallowing sounds in children 3 to 11 years of age. This study aimed to assess swallowing sounds by digital cervical auscultation in children of this age group without symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia. METHODS Digital cervical auscultation was performed in 118 subjects by use of a piezoelectric microphone. The children swallowed 5 mL of liquid and yogurt. The components of perceptual acoustic analysis were discrete initial signal (DIS), main s ...
AIM The aim of the study was to determine the best measure to discriminate between those with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) and those without OPD, among young children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD We carried out a cross-sectional population-based study involving 130 children with CP aged between 18 months and 36 months (mean 27.4mo; 81 males, 49 females) classified according to the Gross Motor Function Classification Scale (GMFCS) as level I (n=57), II (n=15), III (n=23), IV (n=12), or V ( ...
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To assess the efficacy of intervention targeting oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with neurological impairment. 1 Interventions for oropharyngeal dysphagia in children with neurological impairment (Protocol) Copyright © 2011 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ...
Objectives. Preswallow pharyngeal bolus presence is evident in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia. Pressure flow analysis (PFA) using high resolution manometry with impedance (HRMI) with AIMplot software is a method for objective interpretation of pharyngeal and upper esophageal sphincter (UES) pressures and bolus flow patterns during swallowing. This study aimed to observe alterations in PFA metrics in the event of preswallow pharyngeal bolus presence as seen on videofluoroscopy (VFSS). Meth ...
OBJECTIVE To develop a simple and straightforward functional outcome swallowing scale (FOSS) for patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia to determine the severity of the disorder and the effectiveness of therapy or outcome. DESIGN Five years ago, the author developed a dysphagia staging scale based on personal experience and a review of the English literature. This scale was shared with colleagues from the specialties of otolaryngology, speech pathology, neurology, and gastroenterology, both wit ...
The present study delineates and visualizes swallowing trajectories along seven swallow trials in dysphagic patients using group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM). This model facilitates the recognition of swallowing functional categories, estimates their frequency of occurrence, and enhances the understanding of swallowing dynamics. Two hundred and five dysphagic patients underwent a standardized FEES examination protocol. Five ordinal variables were blindly assessed for each swallow by two obse ...
Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy is a hereditary pathology transmitted in an autosomal dominant manner. The clinical symptoms are palpebral ptosis, oropharyngeal dysphagia and proximal limb weakness. Upper gastro-esophageal endoscopy is recommended to study the dysphagia, a video-radiology study with barium and an esophageal manometry to study the pharyngeo-esophageal motor disorder. Muscle biopsy reveals the presence of atrophic fibers substituted by an increase in fat and connective tissue. ...
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this case report is to increase awareness among clinicians that oropharyngeal dysphagia occurs in patients with severe anorexia nervosa, placing them at risk for aspiration and impeding nutritional rehabilitation. METHOD We describe a patient with severe anorexia nervosa who manifested symptoms of dysphagia, with resultant aspiration pneumonia, at the time of her admission for medical stabilization. RESULTS The speech pathology team administered dysphagia therapy, us ...
RATIONALE Dysphagia following stroke is a major complaint among patients, and effective treatment of post-stroke dysphagia can be difficult. We present a case report describing a new treatment for dysphagia, namely, quick needle insertion at pharyngeal acupoints. PATIENT CONCERNS A 70-year-old man developed pharyngeal dysphagia after a stroke. Three months after the patient experienced a sudden stroke leading to liquid dysphagia, acupuncture, one of the most important therapies in Traditional ...
INTRODUCTION  Spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a degenerative disease that can cause loss of coordination of voluntary muscle movement such as that required for swallowing. AIMS  The purposes of this cross-sectional and comparative case study were: (1) to assess the severity of dysphagia through a videofluoroscopic swallow study, and (2) to compare differences in frequency, intensity, and duration of sound waves produced during swallowing in normal and SCA patients by using sonar Doppler. ...
Dose-response curves (DRCs) and the quantitative parameters describing these curves were generated for grade 3 oral mucositis and dysphagia in 144 patients using individual patient DVHs. Curve fits to the oral mucositis clinical data yielded parameter values of mean dose in 2 Gy equivalent, MD(50) = 51 Gy (95% CI 40-61), slope of the curve, k = 1(95% CI 0.6-1.5). R(2) value for the goodness of fit was 0.80. Fits to the grade 3 dysphagia clinical data yielded parameter values of MD(50) = 44.5 Gy ...
A 33-year-old African-American woman recently diagnosed with severe idiopathic gastroparesis was readmitted for hypoxic respiratory failure secondary to aspiration pneumonia. A fiber-optic endoscopic evaluation of swallow study revealed severe pharyngeal dysphagia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed an ill-defined lesion in the posterior aspect of the medulla concerning for a demyelinating process. Serum neuromyelitis optica immunoglobulin G returned positive. Neuromyelitis optica treatment ...
The association between antipsychotics (also known as neuroleptics) and oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) has been suggested in several case reports. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effect of antipsychotic medication on OD. A systematic literature search was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines using the electronic databases Pubmed and Embase. In Pubmed, we used the MeSH terms 'antipsychotic agents' OR 'tranquilizing agents' combined with 'deglutition disorders' OR 'deg ...
Difficulty swallowing, oropharyngeal dysphagia, is widespread among many patient populations (such as stroke and cancer groups) and aged community-dwelling individuals. It is commonly managed with bolus modification: altering food (usually cutting, mashing or puréeing) or fluids (typically thickening) to make them easier or safer to swallow. Although this treatment is ubiquitous, anecdotal evidence suggests patients dislike this management, and this may affect compliance and well-being. This re ...
The manometric and cineradiographic features of 14 patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia are described. Failure of the upper-esophageal sphincter (UES) to relax completely and incoordination of UES relaxation with pharyngeal contraction were noted as was poor initiation of swallows and disorganization of pharyngeal contraction. The relative merits of cine esophagography and esophageal manometry in evaluating oropharyngeal dysphagia are assessed, and a functional classification for this disorder ...
Dysphagia is a common problem in elderly patients and a rare manifestation of Graves' disease. We report a case of an 82-year-old male who presented with a 4-week history of dysphagia and weight loss. Workup for his dysphagia with upper endoscopy, MRI brain, electromyography, acetyl-cholinesterase receptor antibodies, and voltage-gated calcium channel antibodies were negative. Modified Barium swallow test showed oropharyngeal dysphagia. Thyroid function tests that revealed hyperthyroidism and an ...
The purpose of this study was to explore the nature of reduced patient awareness of oropharyngeal dysphagia. While patient awareness of dysphagia has been explored in individuals before participating in formal swallowing assessments, no studies have been identified in the literature that have explored awareness after patients have participated in an examination and received information about their dysphagia. In addition, the relationship between patient compliance and reduced awareness, as well ...
Dysphagia has previously been reported in the inflammatory myopathies (IMs): inclusion body myositis (IBM), dermatomyositis (DM), and polymyositis (PM). Patients report coughing, choking, and bolus sticking in the pharynx. Myotomy has been the treatment of choice, with variable success reported. We sought to determine underlying causes of dysphagia in IM patients using instrumental evaluation. Eighteen subjects participated in the study: four with DM, six with PM, and eight with IBM. They underw ...
s of Posters Presented at the Meeting Evaluation of a Technique for Endoscopic Jejunal Feeding Tube Placement at the Time of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube Placement W.L. Bergcr, R. Shaker, R.S. Dean, S.L. Werlin. Medical College of Wisconsin Dysphagia Institute, Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, and Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Introduction: In patients with neurologic dysphagia severe enough to require initiation of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy [PEG] feedin ...
BACKGROUND Oropharyngeal sensory impairment is a potential target to treat swallowing dysfunction in patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD). AIM To assess the therapeutic effect of stimulating oropharyngeal sensory afferents with TRPV1, TRPA1, or TRPM8 agonists vs increasing bolus viscosity in older and neurologic patients with OD by comparing four studies of similar experimental design. METHODS Swallow function of 142 older patients with impaired safety of swallow at nectar ([50-350] m ...
Dysphagia, defined as a difficulty in swallowing of fluids and/or solid foods, is one of the most frequent symptoms of esophageal, gastrointestinal, ear, nose and throat diseases. As such, it poses a diagnostic challenge and an interdisciplinary clinical problem. Of particular importance in diagnosis is to distinguish between esophageal and oropharyngeal dysphagia. Oropharyngeal dysphagia is often associated with neuromuscular disorders and is treated with rehabilitative protocols, while esophag ...
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The management of oropharyngeal dysphagia has received growing attention recently. Specialists from many disciplines are involved and the results of developments in dysphagia management are published in a range of journals. This review reports on recent developments in the diagnosis and clinical management of dysphagia. RECENT FINDINGS New instruments have been developed recently for diagnosis. Clinical observations have been made that promise to provide a better understandin ...
The etiology of oropharyngeal dysphagia can be broad, and includes aging with atrophy, debilitation, stroke, neurodegenerative and muscular diseases, tumor and postsurgical deformity, as well as effects due to medications and drying of the mucosal membranes. Pathophysiology depends on the multiple causative factors, including the cortex and neural connections to generate the swallow, as well as the oropharyngeal musculature. While chronic debilitation and age may result in nutritional deficiency ...
Manofluorography, that is, the concurrent use of manometry and videofluorography for the evaluation of pharyngeal dysphagia, has not been widely used clinically, partially because of various limitations of conventional manometry. Technological advancements in recent years have led to substantial improvements in manometric devises, which can now overcome many of the shortcomings of standard manometry. In parallel with this, studies examining the utility of high-resolution manometry for the evalua ...
INTRODUCTION Neuromuscular diseases progress to pathologic conditions which reveal structural or functional lesions of the elements forming the motor unit of the body. Typical clinical symptoms include muscle weakness, muscle flaccidity, pareses, and partial or total loss of reflexes. Excessive intensity of these symptoms leads i.a. to motor dysfunctions and ultimately to problems with physical development of children and youth. Treatment of such conditions is based on physiotherapy. The aim of ...
Oro-pharyngeal dysphagia is well recognised but often underestimated in people with Parkinson's disease. Asymptomatic patients may fail to receive timely advice or therapy, thus placing them at risk. The aim of this study was to determine whether subclinical abnormalities in swallowing and discrete changes in function such as those produced by prompting can be detected by non-invasive methods. We examined 12 people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease and 14 elderly comparison subjects. Five comp ...
OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of oropharyngeal dysfunction with resultant aspiration in patients admitted after apparent life-threatening events (ALTE) and to determine whether historical characteristics could predict this oropharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration risk. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients admitted to Boston Children's Hospital between 2012 and 2015 with a diagnosis of ALTE to determine the frequency of evalua ...
Although previous studies demonstrated that patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may present subclinical manifestations of dysphagia, in not one were different textures and volumes systematically studied. The aim of this study was to analyze the signs and symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia using fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES) with boluses of different textures and volumes in a large cohort of patients with OSAS. A total of 72 OSAS patients without symptom ...
BACKGROUND Stroke is the most frequent cause of neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia (NOD). In the acute phase of stroke, the frequency of NOD is greater than 50% and, half of this patient population return to good swallowing within 14 days while the other half develop chronic dysphagia. Because dysphagia leads to aspiration pneumonia, malnutrition, and in-hospital mortality, it is important to pay attention to swallowing problems. The question arises if a prediction of severe chronic dysphagia is ...
Late-onset Pompe disease (presenting after 12 months of age) often presents with limb-girdle and respiratory weakness, but oropharyngeal dysphagia has not been reported previously. A retrospective review of all late-onset Pompe disease patients evaluated in the neuromuscular clinic at Duke University Medical Center from 1999-2010 was performed. Twelve patients were identified and 3 had symptoms of oropharyngeal dysphagia. The medical record was reviewed, including the results of electromyography ...
  • Rosa Terré, Fermín Mearín,
  • Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
  • 2009
The aims of the article were to ascertain the clinical evolution and prognostic factors of aspiration recovery and feeding outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a videofluoroscopic (VFS) diagnosis of tracheal aspiration. Twenty-six patients with severe TBI and VFS diagnosis of tracheal aspiration were prospectively evaluated. Clinical evaluation of oropharyngeal dysphagia and VFS examination were performed at admission and repeated at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months of follow-up ...
Swallowing occurs in 3 phases: oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal. Oropharyngeal dysphagia typically is a result of neuromuscular disorders, such as stroke and parkinsonism, or of mucosal dryness caused by drugs or radiation therapy. Esophageal dysphagia is commonly caused by anatomic defects of the esophagus, such as reflux disease; motility disorders, such as achalasia; or eosinophilic esophagitis. If oropharyngeal dysphagia is suspected, the patient should undergo initial testing with a water o ...
Objective:An important area concerning morbidity among infants with congenital heart defects (CHD) is related to feeding problems. Our objectives were to characterize the evolution of feeding milestones related to transition to per oral feeding among infants with CHD, and to identify associated variables impacting the feeding abilities. Specifically, we differentiated the feeding characteristics in neonates with acyanotic vs cyanotic CHD.Study Design:Feeding progress was tracked during the first ...
OBJECTIVE Oropharyngeal dysphagia is frequent in chronic neurological disorders and increases mortality, mainly due to pulmonary complications. Our aim was to show that submental sensitive transcutaneous electrical stimulation (SSTES) applied during swallowing at home can improve swallowing function in patients with chronic neurological disorders. METHODS Thirteen patients were recruited for the study (4 f, 68 ± 12 years). They all suffered from neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia. We first co ...
Objective: The combination of levodopa and carbidopa (L/C) is used as an effective therapy for treating Parkinson's disease; however when oropharyngeal dysphagia develops or when insertion of an nasogastric tube is not possible, then rectal administration could be used. To reduce compounding workload and establish a beyond use date, this study was conducted to determine the stability of 2 L/C rectal suspension formulations when stored at either 22°C or 5°C. Methods: Two formulations of L/C rec ...
BACKGROUND & AIMS We evaluated the effect of a novel rehabilitative exercise on restoration of deglutition in a group of patients with deglutitive failure caused by abnormal upper esophageal sphincter (UES) opening manifested by postswallow residue and aspiration necessitating percutaneous tube feeding. METHODS We studied a total of 27 patients by videofluoroscopy and functional assessment of swallowing scores before and after 6 weeks of a head-raising exercise program. Seven of 27 patients, a ...
OBJECTIVE Preoperative tracheal retraction exercise (TRE) to minimize the occurrence of postoperative oropharyngeal dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery. METHODS A total of 220 patients admitted for elective anterior cervical spine surgery from January 2013 to December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were allocated into two groups: TRE group and control group (without TRE). Modified dysphagia scoring system (MDSS) was used for evaluating the presence and severity of ...
OBJECTIVE Evaluate the incidence of acute respiratory insufficiency (ARI) in the immediate postoperative period following adenotonsillectomy in children with neurological diseases. METHODS Medical records from all pediatric adenotonsillectomies performed from January 1997 through August 2003 at the Roberto de Abreu Sodré Hospital of the Association for the Welfare of Physically Handicapped Children (AACD) in São Paulo were reviewed. Data were collected for patient age, neurological diagnosis ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of "Prevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia and impaired safety and efficacy of swallow in independently living older persons." by Mateu Serra-Prat et al. ...
BACKGROUND COPD is a common problem associated with morbidity and mortality. COPD may also affect the dynamics and coordination of functions such as swallowing. A misdirected swallow may, in turn, result in the bolus entering the airway. A growing body of evidence suggests that a subgroup of people with COPD is prone to oropharyngeal dysphagia. The aim of this study was to evaluate swallowing dysfunction in patients with stable COPD and to determine the relation between signs and symptoms of swa ...
OBJECTIVE To compare percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and nasogastric tube feeding in patients with persisting neurological dysphagia. DESIGN Randomised 28 day study of inpatients requiring long term enteral nutrition. SETTING Three Glasgow teaching hospitals. SUBJECTS 40 patients with dysphagia for at least four weeks secondary to neurological disorders: 20 patients (10 women) were randomised to nasogastric feeding and 20 (eight women) to endoscopic gastrostomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES ...
Esophageal function testing has an important place in the investigation of a significant proportion of patients with esophageal disorders. Appropriate application of these tests requires a proper understanding of their capabilities and limitations and careful primary assessment by other modalities. Esophageal manometry is most useful for assessing significant troublesome dysphagia in the absence of organic obstruction. Esophageal pH monitoring is an important adjunct to clinical assessment and e ...
Dysphagia is a common problem in children with repaired oesophageal atresia (OA). Abnormalities in the oropharyngeal and oesophageal phase have hardly been studied. The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of dysphagia in children with repaired OA and to identify and differentiate oral and pharyngeal dysphagia based on videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) findings in a limited number of children in this cohort. Medical records of 111 patients, born between January 1996 and July 201 ...
We describe a previously unreported phenomenon: positional dysphagia secondary to a Chiari I malformation. A 38-year-old woman presented with progressive dysphagia and cough. Flexible endoscopic evaluation of swallowing detected severe pharyngeal dysphagia and aspiration, as well as an intermittent cough reflex with all consistencies in the upright position. Various compensatory strategies were attempted to relieve the aspiration, but only assumption of the supine position was successful. Subseq ...
Expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) involves forcible blowing as a means of generating high expiratory pressure, against adjustable resistance. EMST has recently been introduced as a potential treatment for dysphagia. This study was performed to investigate the effects of EMST on the activity of suprahyoid muscles, aspiration and dietary stages in stroke patients with dysphagia. Twenty-seven stroke patients with dysphagia were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group perfo ...
OBJECTIVE This report aimed to present a case of inclusion body myositis presenting with dysphagia and to review the literature. METHODS Case report and literature review. RESULTS Inclusion body myositis is a chronic progressive acquired myopathy, uniquely distinguished by its selective muscle involvement, normal or moderately elevated muscle enzyme concentrations, and a progressive corticosteroid-resistant course. Compared to other inflammatory myopathies, the esophagus is the most commonly ...