The effect of dietary selenium on caprine leukocyte migration inhibitory factor (LMIF) production was examined in vitro using lymphocytes from goats fed a diet deficient in selenium. Selenium deficiency was determined by decreased plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). The ability of peripheral blood lymphocytes to produce LMIF induced by concanavalin A (Con A) was significantly (P less than 0.05) inhibited when cells from selenium-deficient and selenium-adequate goats were compared. In contrast, no significant (P greater than 0.05) differences were found between lymphocytes from selenium-deficient and selenium-adequate goats for Interleukin-2 (IL-2) production and blastogenesis induced by Con A. These data suggest that selenium deficiency may selectively impair LMIF production and hence the ability of lymphocytes to modulate neutrophil migration.
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