Distractor Generation with Generative Adversarial Nets for Automatically Creating Fill-in-the-blank Questions

Abstract

Distractor generation is a crucial step for fill-in-the-blank question generation. We propose a generative model learned from training generative adversarial nets (GANs) to create useful distractors. Our method utilizes only context information and does not use the correct answer, which is completely different from previous Ontology-based or similarity-based approaches. Trained on the Wikipedia corpus, the proposed model is able to predict Wiki entities as distractors. Our method is evaluated on two biology question datasets collected from Wikipedia and actual college-level exams. Experimental results show that our context-based method achieves comparable performance to a frequently used word2vec-based method for the Wiki dataset. In addition, we propose a second-stage learner to combine the strengths of the two methods, which further improves the performance on both datasets, with 51.7% and 48.4% of generated distractors being acceptable.

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